The ACT Government is committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions from transport through encouraging active travel, providing high-quality low emissions public transport options and encouraging the transition to zero emissions vehicles.
Canberra will be the first Australian city to pilot a publicly-available hydrogen refuelling station. The station, located in Fyshwick, will be accessible to the public from early in 2020. The station will primarily serve 20 Hyundai Nexo hydrogen vehicles to be added to the ACT Government Fleet. The construction of the station and provision of vehicles are the result of a partnership between the ACT Government, ActewAGL and renewable energy developer Neoen.
How does a fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) work?
Electric vehicles (EVs) primarily rely on batteries for electrical energy. Next generation Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs) use a fuel cell to turn hydrogen into electrical energy. The only emission from this process is water.
In a FCEV, hydrogen is stored as fuel in a tank. Unlike petroleum-based fuels, instead of being burned, hydrogen is chemically reacted in a fuel cell with oxygen in the air to make electricity and water. This electricity is used to power the electric motor and drive the wheels, just like in a battery electric vehicle.
Infrastructure at refuelling stations has been designed to be simple, safe and convenient. Re-filling a hydrogen vehicle can be done in a few minutes via a pump (dispenser) process - like that used for refilling an internal combustion engine vehicle. There is a data interface between the refuelling station and the hydrogen vehicle to ensure the right amount of hydrogen is dispensed at the right pressure.
Hydrogen vehicles are held to the same rigorous safety standards as all other commercially available vehicles, furthermore, the hydrogen fuel tanks are subjected to repeated testing such that the tanks can withstand collisions. The Hyundai Nexo that will be used in the ACT Government fleet gained the top Euro NCAP safety rating (five stars).
Benefits of hydrogen vehicles:
What is a hydrogen refuelling station?
A hydrogen refuelling station is the infrastructure through which hydrogen vehicles can be refuelled. The refuelling process is similar to the standard petrol pump process for diesel and petrol vehicles.
When can hydrogen vehicles begin using the hydrogen refuelling station?
The hydrogen refuelling station will be operational in March 2020. It will be available to any hydrogen vehicle driver, by agreement with ActewAGL.
What is a hydrogen vehicle?
Hydrogen vehicles use a fuel cell stack to create electricity which drives the vehicle’s electric motor. A fuel cell stack uses stored hydrogen, mixes it with oxygen and creates electricity - the only by-product is water.
Are hydrogen vehicles better for the environment?
Hydrogen vehicles create zero emissions, in comparison to a standard petrol vehicle, which emits approximately 4600 kilograms of carbon a year.
How much will it cost to refuel a hydrogen vehicle?
The long-term operating costs of hydrogen refuelling stations will be key learnings from the Fyshwick pilot project.
How is the hydrogen being made?
Hydrogen will be created onsite at ActewAGL’s low-emission transport hub in Mildura Street, Fyshwick. It will be created using a Proton Exchange Membrane electrolysis process which uses town water and renewable energy from the grid, supplemented by onsite solar generation.
Phase one May – June: Project in design
Phase two October – February 2020: Construction of hydrogen infrastructure
Phase three March 2020: Hydrogen refuelling station operational
Phase four 2020: Assess the commercial opportunity of introducing hydrogen as a vehicle fuel source
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